Charles De Gaulle? Georges Clemenceau? Elbert Hubbard? R. C. O’Brien? Vladmir Bjornberg? Seth Wiggins? Anonymous?
Dear Quote Investigator: I would love to have a specific citation for the following quotation. Here are two versions that I’ve seen many times:
1) The graveyards are full of indispensable men.
2) The cemeteries are full of indispensable men.
This is often attributed to Charles De Gaulle, and it would be a good fit with a mordant Gallic world view. Ralph Keyes’s “The Quote Verifier” offers a baker’s dozen of alternative attributions as far-flung as Winston Churchill and Rick Santorum. Keyes concluded with “Verdict: An old saying”.[ref] 2006, The Quote Verifier by Ralph Keyes, Pages 84-85 and 294-295, St Martin’s Griffin, New York.(Verified on paper)[/ref]
Quote Investigator: The earliest version of this sentiment located by QI does not use the word indispensable, but the saying still communicates the same idea.
Elbert Hubbard was a prominent writer and publisher who also founded the Roycroft artisan community in New York. He collected adages and also formulated many of his own. In 1907 his publication “The Philistine: A Periodical of Protest” printed the following phrase as a free standing saying without attribution:[ref] 1907 May, The Philistine: A Periodical of Protest, Page 190, Volume 24, Number 6, Published by Society of the Philistines, The Roycrofters, New York. (Google Books full view) link[/ref]
The graveyards are full of people the world could not do without.
By definition an “indispensable” person is a person one could not do without. This adage has been attributed to Hubbard for many decades, and he still sometimes receives credit today.
In 1909 a newspaper in Oklahoma printed the phrase as part of a larger passage that carefully delineated its implications. Boldface has been added to excerpts.:[ref] 1909 February 4, The Evening News, Press Comment, Page 2, Column 3, [NArch Page 7], Ada, Oklahoma. (NewspaperArchive)[/ref]
Young man, as you perambulate down the pathway of life toward an unavoidable bald head bordered with gray hairs it would be well to bear in mind that the cemeteries are full of men this world could not get along without, and note the fact that things move along after each funeral procession at about the same gait they went before. It makes no difference how important you may be, don’t get the idea under your hat that this world can’t get along without you —Abilene Reporter.
In 1919 a magazine called “The Recruiters’ Bulletin” published by the United States Marine Corps printed a version of the adage and credited the words to an Icelandic poet:[ref] 1919 May, The Recruiters’ Bulletin, Section: Editorial, Another Swan Song, Page 12, Volume 5, Number 4, United States Marine Corps, New York. (Google Books full view) link[/ref]
Several years ago, in these very columns, we quoted the words of the famous Icelandic poet, Vladmir Bjornberg, who wrote “The graveyards are filled with the men the world could not get on without.” We are going away and we’ll never be missed.
The ascription “Vladmir Bjornberg” may have been invented by the editor of “The Recruiters’ Bulletin”, Thomas G. Sterrett. See the comment presented after this article.
In July 1924 a member of the Irish Parliament named Mr. McGarry speaking during a question and answer period employed a version the expression with the word “indispensable” that was similar to modern instances though a specific cemetery was named:[ref] 1924 July 15, Dáil Éireann (House of Representatives), Irish Parliament, Leinster House, Dublin, Ceisteanna (Questions for the President), Speaking: Mr. McGarry. (Accessed debates.oireachtas.ie on May 24, 2014) link link [/ref]
They have acted in the belief, and they have carried on as if they believed that there was no alternative Government. They have forgotten that Glasnevin Cemetery is full of indispensable people.
Decades later in 1962 the French statesman Georges Clemenceau was credited with a version of the saying, and later the words were attributed to the French general Charles de Gaulle. Details for these citations are given further below.
Here are additional selected citations in chronological order.
In November 1924 the maxim was published in a humor column in a California newspaper where it was credited to a knowing grandfather. This version emphasized the subjective viewpoint of the deceased while they were still alive:[ref] 1924 November 04, San Diego Union, Roundabouts, Edited by A. Roundabouter, Sad But True, Page 4, Column 7, San Diego, California. (GenealogyBank)[/ref]
Grandpap Seth Wiggins of Palomar Mountain calls my attention to the fact that the cemeteries are full of people who thought the world couldn’t get along without them.
In 1928 another instance appeared that employed the word “indispensables” in conjunction with the adage. The word was used as the title of a short item in a Canadian newspaper:[ref] 1928 August 13, Lethbridge Herald, Indispensables, Page 6, Column 4, [Reprinted from Ottawa Citizen], Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. (NewspaperArchive)[/ref]
In 1929 a version of the saying appeared in the widely distributed syndicated column of Walter Winchell who called it nifty and credited it to another person:[ref] 1929 May 11, Evening Independent, Your Broadway and Mine by Walter Winchell, Page 4, Column 3, Massillon, Ohio. (NewspaperArchive)[/ref]
Take it from R. C. O’Brien, the cemeteries are filled with people who thought the world couldn’t get along without them.
In 1932 a version of the maxim appeared free-standing in a Texas newspaper with no attribution:[ref] 1932 February 05, Grand Prairie Texan, Page 2, Column 5, Grand Prairie, Texas. (NewspaperArchive)[/ref]
The cemeteries are filled with people who thought the world could not get along without them.
In 1938 the saying continued to be popular and appeared free-standing in a Nebraska newspaper without attribution:[ref] 1938 April 18, Morning World Herald [Omaha World Herald], Page 8, Column 2, Omaha, Nebraska (Genealogybank)[/ref]
The cemeteries are full of people who thought the world couldn’t get along without them.
In 1940 a letter writer named R. C. O’Brien claimed coinage of the saying and mentioned the fact that Walter Winchell had given him credit in the past:[ref] 1940 October 31, Kingston Daily Freeman, Independent Voter Against 3rd term, Page 21, Column 7, Kingston, New York. (NewspaperArchive)[/ref]
Years ago Walter Winchell used to quote a line of mine: “The cemeteries are filled with people who thought the world couldn’t get along without them.” It was true then and it is true now.
In June 1948 an instance with the word “indispensable” was published in the journal Postgraduate Medicine:[ref] 1948 June, Postgraduate Medicine, Leaves from a Doctor’s Diary by Maurice Chideckel, Quote Page 488, Column 3, Volume 3, Number 6, McGraw-Hill, Minneapolis, Minnesota. (Verified on paper)[/ref]
The cemeteries are full of people who thought themselves indispensable. They vanished into oblivion, and their places were taken by other and better men.
Also in 1948 a book in French was translated and published in English with the title “A Man of Means” This work contained a version of the expression with the word “indispensable”:[ref] 1948, A Man of Means by Jacques Nels, Translated by Elaine P. Halperin, Page 111, Ziff-Davis Pub. Co., Chicago, Illinois. (QI has not yet verified this data on paper; Bibliographic data from HathiTrust; The page number is based on a match in HathiTrust)[/ref]
The cemeteries are full of indispensable people.
In 1956 Walter Winchell used a variant of the maxim to comment critically about a famous comedy duo:[ref] 1956 November 5, Springfield Union, Walter Winchell On Broadway, GNB Page 4, Column 4, Springfield, Massachusetts. (GenealogyBank)[/ref]
… Rowan & Martin … delighted the Tough Copa Crowd with their hilarious nonsense. More refreshing, more talented and more everything than Martin & Lewis, who will find out that the cemeteries are crowded with comedians who think the public can’t get along without them.
In 1962 a version of the saying was ascribed to the prominent French statesman Georges Clemenceau in Time magazine:[ref] 1962 November 2, Time, France: Close Victory, Time, Inc., New York. (Time magazine online archive; Accessed time.com on 2011 November 19)[/ref]
Opposition posters quoted the words of the late Premier Georges Clemenceau: “The cemeteries are full of indispensable men.”
In 1968 the adage was again attributed to Clemenceau in a newspaper column:[ref] 1968 May 18, The Victoria Advocate, French Communists Organize for An All-Out Assault Against De Gaulle by Tom A. Cullen, Page 4, Column 4, Victoria, Texas. (NewspaperArchive)[/ref]
But the personality cult is now dead, the Communist editor assured me, and as proof he quoted Clemenceau: “The cemeteries are full of men who were once thought to be indispensable”
By 1981 the saying had been attached to the famous French general and political figure Charles de Gaulle as recorded in a syndicated newspaper column:[ref] 1981 April 18, Ludington Daily News, The Indispensable Man – Reagan by Patrick Buchanan, Page 4, Column 1, Ludington, Michigan. (Google News Archive)[/ref]
The graveyards are full of indispensable men, Charles de Gaulle once remarked.
In conclusion, QI believes that the core idea of this maxim appeared by 1907 in the work of Elbert Hubbard. Many versions of the expression evolved over the decades. By 1924 a version using the word “indispensable” was in circulation in Ireland.
Based on the 1948 translated book, “A Man of Means”, it is possible that a French version of the expression also existed in an early time frame. But the current evidence attaching the phrase to Georges Clemenceau or Charles de Gaulle is weak.
(This question and exploration were inspired by a query from “Youngtrummy” in the comments section of this blog. Thanks for your inquiry. Great thanks to correspondent Don Driscoll who found the 1924 Irish Parliament citation.)
Update History: On May 24, 2014 the 1924 Irish Parliament citation was added. Also, the article was reformatted to use numerical footnotes and some parts were rewritten.