Groucho Marx? Fred Waring? Ed Gardner? Goodman Ace? Jane Ace? Fred Allen? Ernie Kovacs? Deane Binder? Anonymous?
- Television is a medium where if anything is well done, it’s rare.
- Television: We call it a medium because nothing’s well done.
- Television is called a medium because it is neither rare nor well done.
Would you please explore the provenance of this humor?
Quote Investigator: The earliest match known to QI occurred in the “Chicago Sunday Tribune” of Illinois in May 1949. A concise definition of television appeared in a small box. The singer and show business personality Fred Waring received credit for the wordplay. Emphasis added to excerpts by QI:[ref] 1949 May 15, Chicago Sunday Tribune (Chicago Tribune), Definition (Filler item), Part 6, Section 2, Quote Page 2, Column 5, Chicago, Illinois. (ProQuest)[/ref]
“Television: A new medium—rare, if well done!”
Below are additional selected citations in chronological order.
In October 1949 Fred Waring received credit again in a syndicated column called “Radio Gag Bag” which reprinted jokes from radio broadcasts:[ref] 1949 October 9, Minneapolis Sunday Tribune, Section: Feature-News Section, Article: Radio Gag Bag by Larry Walters (Syndicated), Quote Page 4, Column 8, Minneapolis, Minnesota. (Newspapers_com) [/ref]
A definition from Fred Waring: Television: a new medium—rare, if well done.
The next match occurred in an entertainment column of “The San Francisco Examiner” of California in November 1949. The line was delivered by the comic actor Ed Gardner:[ref] 1949 November 22, The San Francisco Examiner, Day and Night with Radio and Television by Dwight Newton, Quote Page 16, Column 8, San Francisco, California. (Newspapers_com) [/ref]
TAG LINES: Ed “Archie” Gardner on “Duffy’s Tavern”—“Television is a medium where if anything is well done, it’s rare.”
In July 1950 the joke was ascribed to “Easy Aces” which was a long running radio program revived for a short period on television. The main stars were the couple Goodman Ace and Jane Ace:[ref] 1950 July 30, he Milwaukee Journal, Section: Screen, Radio, Television, Article: Funny Business: Radio and Television Chuckles, Quote Page 10, Column 3, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. (GenealogyBank) [/ref]
Television is called a medium because it’s so rare.—Easy Aces.
In November 1950 the prominent comedian Fred Allen known for his long-running radio show received credit for the joke. Allen delivered the line during a new high-profile TV program from the NBC network called “The Big Show”:[ref] 1950 November 8, St. Petersburg Times, NBC’s Answer To Benny Gets Off To Rousing Start by John Crosby, Quote Page 28, Column 6, St. Petersburg, Florida. (Newspapers_com) [/ref]
Allen remarked pleasantly that NBC had tried him on radio and tried him on television and was now waiting for another medium to come along. “I’ve decided why they call television a medium. It’s because nothing on it is well done.”
A couple weeks later another columnist credited the quip to Fred Allen:[ref] 1950 November 26, The Pittsburgh Press, Radio and Television: News & Views by Si Steinhauser, Quote Page 64, Column 3, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. (Newspapers_com) [/ref]
Most of the comedians agree with Fred Allen that tv stands for terrible venture. Because the venture frightens them. That’s only because its new and as Kay Kyser says, a “challenge.”
But it isn’t called a medium as Allen insists “because nothing is well done.”
In 1953 comedian Goodman Ace wrote a letter to Groucho Marx, and Ace employed the jest:[ref] 1967, The Groucho Letters: Letters From and To Groucho Marx by Groucho Marx, Chapter: Touching on Television, Letter To: Groucho Marx, Letter From: Goodman Ace, (Letter is undated; it is placed between letters dated July 17, 1953 and October 16, 1953), Quote Page 114, Michael Joseph, London. (Verified with scans) [/ref]
I would have answered your letter of a year or so ago, much sooner, had it not been that Jane and I got mixed up with a television show—or as we call it back east here, TV—a clever contraction derived from the words Terrible Vaudeville. However, it is our latest medium—we call it a medium because nothing’s well done.
In 1958 a columnist in “The Ottawa Citizen” of Ontario, Canada attributed the joke to an anonymous woman:[ref] 1958 September 13, The Ottawa Citizen, Once Over Lightly by T.D.F., Quote Page 6, Column 3, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. (Newspapers_com) [/ref]
And then there’s the gal who thinks TV is called a “medium” because so little of it is either rare or well done!
In 1960 the jest appeared in the caption of a one-panel syndicated cartoon called “Little Liz”:[ref] 1960 January 5, Messenger-Inquirer, Caption of Little Liz (Syndicated by NEA), Quote Page 4, Column 6, Owensboro, Kentucky. (Newspapers_com) [/ref]
TV is called a medium, because so much of it is neither rare nor well done.
In 1967 the collection “Reader’s Digest Fun & Laughter” ascribed the remark to yet another person:[ref] 1967, Reader’s Digest Fun & Laughter: A Treasure House of Humor, Topic: Up in the Air, Quote Page 19, The Reader’s Digest Association, Pleasantville, New York. (Verified with scans) [/ref]
Television is called a medium because so little of it is either rare or well-done. Mrs. Deane Binder in Catholic Digest
In 1973 “The Filmgoer’s Book of Quotes” by Leslie Halliwell credited the joke to comedian Ernie Kovacs who had died about a decade earlier in 1962:[ref] 1974, The Filmgoer’s Book of Quotes by Leslie Halliwell, Topic: Television, Quote Page 178, (Reprint of 1973 edition Granada Publishing, London), Arlington House, New Rochelle, New York. (Verified on paper) [/ref]
A medium, so called because it is neither rare nor well done.
– Ernie Kovacs
In conclusion, the joke was employed by a series of comedians and personalities over a period of months and then years beginning in 1949. The first citation located by QI credited Fred Waring, but the joke may have been written for him to deliver. Many performers and joke smiths found the humor irresistible enough to purloin and modify the line. Earlier citations may be uncovered by future researchers.
Image Notes: Image of old-fashioned television from Free-Photos at Pixabay. Image has been cropped and resized.
(Special thanks to Bill Mullins who located the valuable citations dated May 15, 1949 and July 30, 1950. Also, many thanks to Barry Popik for his pioneering work locating citations starting on November 9, 1950.)
Update History: On July 25, 2019 citations dated October 9, 1949; November 22, 1949; and July 30, 1950 were added to the article. On July 26, 2019 the citation dated May 15, 1949 was added.